Menstruation(period) is a normal vaginal bleeding that occurs in a woman’s cycle which may last from 3 to 5 days but when excessive takes a week. This occurrence varies from 11 to 18 years, however the age 14 is considered as the average menstruation age. When a teen reaches this stage, it indicates that her body has started developing reproductive organs and has become ready for pregnancy. So, every month, if no pregnancy occurs the uterus or womb sheds its lining. The menstrual is partly blood and partly tissues from the uterus which is discharged through the vagina. Before this happens, there are some groups of symptoms associated and are known as premenstrual syndrome, it could be emotional or physical symptoms. The most common include: breast swelling, acne, headache, food craving, mood swing and irritability etc. These are triggered by hormonal changes. During the menstrual process prostaglandins helps the uterus to contract and relax so that the uterine lining (the endometrium) can detach and flow out of the body. This process is necessary but when in excess, the uterus contracts strongly, blood reduces and the supply of oxygen to the uterus muscle tissue decreases this causes pains(cramp). . There are 2 types of severe periods; Primary dysmenorrhea ladies with painful periods(dysmenorrhea) experience cramping pain in the lower abdomen, back, thighs this starts 1 to 3 days before the period becomes intense and subsides 2 or 3 days later hence it is recurrent and not caused by any disease only when prostaglandin is in excess. Factors that may make the pain of a primary period worse include retroverted uterus, lack of exercise, drinking alcohol, smoking, being overweight, or coming from a family of dysmenorrhea. Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by a disorder in the woman’s reproductive organs such uterine fibroids (tumor that develops within the uterine wall or attached to it), adenomyosis (endometrium begins to grow within its muscular walls), sexually transmitted infection (STI), an ovarian cyst, pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID) an infection of the fallopian tube. Both primary and secondary periods are medically treated with the use of Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) they decrease pain by decreasing intrauterine pressure and lowering prostaglandins levels in menstrual fluids. some other treatments include exercises, placing a heating pad on the pelvic area, massaging the back and lower abdomen, keeping a healthy diet and clean environment are the most essential things to do in order to be in good health.